Kyffin Williams

Sir Kyffin Williams Picture credit: North Wales Chronicle

SIR JOHN ‘KYFFIN’ WILLIAMS OBE RA was a Welsh landscape painter who lived at Pwllfanogl, Llanfairpwll, on the Island of Anglesey. Williams is widely regarded as the defining artist of Wales during the 20th Century.

Williams was born on May 9, 1918, in Llangefni, Anglesey, one of two sons into an old landed Anglesey family.

He was educated at Moreton Hall School, then Shrewsbury School, where he contracted polio encephalitis which lead him to develop epilepsy, a misfortune he later described as “my greatest fortune”.

He joined the 6th Battalion Royal Welch Fusiliers as a lieutenant in 1937. After he failed a British Army medical examination in 1941 (because of his epilepsy), his doctor advised him to take up art for the sake of his health.

He would develop a true passion for art when he discovered the works of Piero Della Francesca.

Despite academic difficulties — he was told initially by his tutor that he couldn’t draw — Williams enrolled at London’s Slade School of Fine Art in 1941 (then relocated in Oxford). When he finished his three years there he left with the Slade Portrait Prize.

He achieved his ambition to teach art by accepting a position at Highgate School, London, where he was senior art master from 1944 until 1973. His pupils included the historian Sir Martin Gilbert, Royal Academicians Anthony Green and Patrick Procktor and composers John Tavener and John Rutter. He painted a portrait of the school’s cricket coach, former Test player Albert Knight.

Wales never left his consciousness or imagination, as he would return home in the holidays, take his study sketches back to London and complete his canvasses. Williams’ particular technique was applying thick oil paint with a palette knife.

Williams was predominately a landscape painter but he also was an accomplished portraitist and something of a cartoonist. His paintings basically divide into three subjects: Venice, Patagonia and, by far the largest section, Wales.

In 1968, he won a scholarship (Winston Churchill Fellowship) to study and paint in Y Wladfa, the Welsh settlement in Patagonia, South America. This added a significant body of work to his oeuvre (nearly 50 Patagonia paintings) and the light in Patagonia radically changed his palette.

Artist Sir Kyffin Williams recalls his journey in 1968 to record the people, animals and landscape of Patagonia Credit: ITV Cymru/Wales Archive

On retiring from Highgate school, Williams returned to Anglesey and spent the next 30 years painting and promoting Welsh schools of Art and Welsh art in general.

Never having married, Williams died, without heirs, on September 1, 2006, aged 88, at a nursing home at St Tysilio Nursing Home on Anglesey. He had been at the home on the outskirts of Llanfairpwll for just over a week after spending two weeks as a patient at Ysbyty Gwynedd, Bangor. He had been suffering from prostate cancer and from lung cancer, believed to be a result of working with lead-based paints.

Williams was buried at St Mary’s Church, Llanfair-yng-Nghornwy. Paying tribute to Williams after his death, bass-baritone singer and Williams collector Bryn Terfel said: “I’m deeply saddened by the passing of Wales’s foremost ambassador in the visual arts. Long may his memory live on in the legacy of his numerous, wonderful paintings.”

In 1949, Williams had his first one-man-show at a private gallery in London. His first Patagonia exhibition took place in 1971. Later in 2006, the Welsh singer and Manic Street Preachers frontman James Dean Bradfield included a track called ‘Which Way to Kyffin’, dedicated to Williams, on his album The Great Western.

Men, Ponies & the Moelwyns, by Kyffin Williams

His works typically drew inspiration from the Welsh landscape and farmlands. They may be seen in a permanent exhibition in the Oriel Kyffin Williams Gallery which opened in 2008 at Oriel Ynys Môn in Llangefni, Anglesey, as well as at many other galleries elsewhere in Britain.

He was president of the Royal Cambrian Academy and was appointed a member of the Royal Academy in 1974.

In 1995 Williams received the Glyndŵr Award for an Outstanding Contribution to the Arts in Wales during the Machynlleth Festival. He was awarded the OBE for his services to the arts in 1982 and was knighted in 1999.

The Kyffin Williams Drawing Prize was established by the Sir Kyffin Williams Trust and Oriel Môn in 2009, in partnership with The National Library of Wales and The National Museum of Wales.

The National Library of Wales was one of the first national institutions to purchase one of his works in the late 1940s and continued to support his work throughout his life. In acknowledgement of his gratitude for their support he bequeathed his papers and a significant body of his works to the National library. They now hold probably the largest single body of his works.

Farmers on the Carneddau, by Kyffin Williams

In February 2011 it was announced that Williams’ paintings of Patagonia would be shown for the first time. His last passport, on show in the Oriel Ynys Môn gallery at Llangefni, 2004–2014, has the name Sir John Williams. Kyffin was his grandmother’s maiden name.

Williams was a great raconteur and also a fine writer, publishing his autobiography in Across the Straits and A Wider Sky.

In June 2018, he was the subject of a 50-minute BBC Television documentary, Kyffin Williams: The Man Who Painted Wales, presented by Josie d’Arby.

Williams’ former home, the Grade 2 listed cottage ‘Min y Môr’, on the banks of the Menai Strait, was later made available as a holiday let.

Williams’ works are held in many public collections, including the Government Art Collection, the Arts Council Collection and the National Museum of Wales.